As part of my "Sweetener Review Series," I write about one of the most widely available granulated sugar brands in the United States — the memorable and attractive Domino Sugar. Domino Sugar brand was born in 1901 when sugar was available in a shape that resembled dominoes.
Domino has a sister brand, C&H, which sells essentially the same cane sugar products. Both brands are available to consumers all over the country, but C&H is sold predominantly on the West Coast and Domino on the East Coast markets. C&H and Domino are some of the leading brands of refined sugar in the U.S. To explore other brands, read a previous post titled Guide to Granulated Sugar.
Product of: Refined in the USA from domestic and/or imported raw sugar
Type of sugar: A refined white sugar with crystal sizes from about 0.3 to 0.55mm.
What Sugar Is It?
Refined white cane sugar
Where and Who Makes Domino Sugar?
Domino Sugars are refined in the U.S. from imported and domestic raw sugars. Domino Sugar Refineries are located east of the Mississipi River — in Louisiana, Maryland, and New York. Domino Chalmette Refinery, just outside New Orleans, is the largest refinery in the country. It refines only domestic raw sugar produced from cane grown in Louisiana and Texas. Domino Baltimore Refinery and Domino Yonkers Refinery purify raw sugar from domestic and foreign sources. Learn how refined sugar is produced in two of my previous blog posts Cane vs. Beet: A Difference? and What is Refined Sugar?
Who makes Domino Sugar? Domino Sugar changed hands many times, but since 2001, it has been owned by American Sugar Refining (ASR Group). ASR is an American company owned by two cane sugar producers from Florida — Florida Crystals Corp. and Sugar Cane Growers Cooperative of Florida, holding 64 percent and 36 percent of ASR. ASR is one of the largest producers of refined sugar in the U.S., and claims to be the world’s top cane sugar refiner as it owns and operates Sugar Mills in the U.S. (all three in Florida), Mexico, and Belize. Belize has 6,000 fair trade-certified cane growers. It also owns and operates eleven Sugar Refineries in six countries: in the U.S. (Florida, California, Louisiana, New York, Maryland), Canada, Mexico, England, Italy, and Portugal. Their brand names include C&H, Florida Crystals, Tate & Lyle Sugars, Lyle’s cane syrups.
Domino Sugar is distributed by Domino Foods Inc., which is the marketing arm of ASR. One of the top marketers of refined sugar in the United States, it sells and distributes C&H, Florida Crystals, Tate & Lyle, and Lyle’s brand names.
Certifications & Special Diets
Domino sugar is non-GMO Project Verified and kosher certified [all granulated sugars are kosher].
Is Domino Sugar vegan? Yes and No. To find out, search for the lot code on your Domino sugar package. If the lot code starts with the numbers 1 or 4, it means it was produced on Domino Yonkers (NY) or Baltimore (MD) Refineries, respectively, which do not use bone char and so, have a vegan-friendly process (called ion exchange resin). Bone char is animal-derived natural charcoal used to remove the color and impurities from sugar syrups. Bone char is used for decolorization in the Domino Sugar Refinery in Chalmette (LA). If the lot code on your sugar starts with the number 5, it means it was produced in Louisiana, and consequently, is not vegan. Refer to the image below, showing my package, where you can see the lot code starting with the #5, meaning it is not vegan. As a quick reference: (1) From Yonkers is vegan; (4) From Baltimore is vegan; (5) From Chalmette is not vegan.
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