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CALORIC SWEETENERS

On my quest to discover all caloric sweeteners on store shelves across the United States, I found almost 100 types of products and listed them here.

What is a Caloric Sweetener?

  • Caloric sweeteners are produced from plant saps—including flower nectar extracted by bees—fruits, starches, and milk. Their sources are sugar cane, sugar beet, flower nectar, agave, coconut and maple trees, sorghum, corn, barley, brown rice, dates, pears, and apples. Keep scrolling to see them all.

  • A caloric sweetener contains two major portions --- sugar and water. It is a solution of one or more sugars in concentrated form. Honey is about 80% sugar, maple syrup around 66% sugar, and table sugar 99.9%. The remainder is mostly water. The sugar portion is mainly composed of glucose, fructose, and sucrose, no matter where it comes from and how it is produced.

 

  • In regards to composition, caloric sweeteners are not too different from one another: Those in solid form (granulated, powder, cubes, tablets, blocks) contain over 90 percent sugar and provide about 16 calories per teaspoon. Caloric sweeteners in liquid form (syrups, nectars) have over 50 percent sugar and about 22 calories per teaspoon. They do differ in how they affect the taste and texture of foods.

 

  • All caloric sweeteners are natural (found in nature) and, except for raw honeycomb, are processed and refined in one way or another. The favorite of all sweeteners, table sugar (granulated white sugar), is the most familiar and versatile caloric sweetener. The term sugar can cause confusion as it has many definitions, so refer to my blog post What Is Sugar, Anyway? 

TYPES OF REFINED SUGAR

From Cane or Beet

Molasses are from Cane Only

  1. Granulated sugar (table sugar)

  2. Fine granulated sugar

  3. Extra fine granulated

  4. Superfine sugar (quick dissolve sugar)

  5. Ultrafine sugar (baker’s special, baker’s, or caster)

  6. Powdered sugar (confectioners sugar) 

  7. Fondant sugar (icing or frosting sugar) 

  8. Sparkling sugar

  9. Sanding sugar

  10. Light (golden) brown sugar

  11. Dark brown sugar

  12. Pourable brown sugar (Brownulated)

  13. White sugar cube, tablet, gourmet sugar

  14. Rock sugar (sugar swizzle stick, sugar crystal)

  15. Brown rock sugar (sugar swizzle stick, sugar crystal)

  16. Simple syrup

  17. Invert syrup (medium invert, golden syrup)

  18. Full invert syrup

  19. Light molasses (mild or Barbados molasses)

  20. Dark molasses (full or medium molasses)

  21. Blackstrap molasses

From Cane and Beet

TYPES OF RAW SUGAR

All from Cane

  1. Washed or turbinado sugar, evaporated (dehydrated, dried) cane juice | Medium size crystals

  2. Demerara or turbinado sugar, evaporated (dehydrated, dried) cane juice | Coarse crystals

  3. Organic sugar

  4. Organic powdered sugar

  5. Organic light brown sugar

  6. Organic dark brown sugar

  7. Demerara or raw sugar cubes

  8. Raw cane syrup (organic cane syrup or invert syrup)

  9. Organic molasses

TYPES OF UNREFINED SUGAR

All from Cane

  1. Whole cane sugar

  2. Sucanat

  3. Light muscovado sugar

  4. Dark muscovado sugar

  5. Jaggery

  6. Ground Jaggery

  7. Piloncillo

  8. Panela

  9. Ground Panela

  10. Okinawa Kokuto

  11. Traditional Cane Syrup

  12. Traditional (open kettle, home style) molasses